Charles Chesnutt's Life...In Broader Terms
(This page was developed by a Berea College student as
part of a course on Chesnutt)
Charles Chesnutt lived in a very
historical era in American history. Throughout his life, he saw many events
that shaped his life, as well as events that still shape our lives today.
While many occurrences have been omitted, some of the most important ones
are listed below, with several links at the end. The Civil War, The Reconstruction
of the South, race riots in several prominent cities, and the long, hard
battle for civil rights that he did not see recognized, where some of the
things he experienced. Chesnutt also had many contemporary authors, so some
of the publications of his time have also been listed to give an idea of
what the time frame was like and how other people viewed their surroundings.
Dred Scott decision in which the Supreme Court declared Missouri Compromise
Charles Chesnutt is born
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow publishes The Courtship of Miles Standish
Stephen Douglas wins second term in Senate, defeating Abe Lincoln.
Legislature resolves to secede from Union immediately if a Republican
president is elected.
John D. Rockefeller helps Negro buy his wife out of slavery.
May 16-Lincoln declared republican presidential nominee.
November 16-Linclon elected president.
December 20-South Carolina secedes from the Union.
April 15-Lincoln declares "state of insurrection."
May 6-Confederate Congress declares war on the United States.
Morrill Land Grant Act
Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address
and issues the Emancipation Proclamation.
Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders to Union General Ulysses
13th Amendment to the US Constitution.
President Lincoln is shot while attending Our American Cousin at
Ford's Theater by John Wilkes Booth.
The Ku Klux Klan is organized
14th Amendment to the US Constitution.
Race riots erupt in Memphis, TN
Reconstruction begins in the South
Howard University and Morehouse College open to help in the advancement
of ex-slaves and other Negroes
14th Amendment ratified
Ulysses S. Grant is voted President of the United States
Twenty-eight holding seats in the Georgia legislature are expelled on
Negroes have the right to vote, but not to hold office
The first national Negro labor group is organized (Colored National Labor
Civil Rights Act (Enforcement Act)
Two negroes, Joseph Rainey and the Reverand Hiram R. Revels, take seats
Congress is petitioned by the Colored National Labor Union for a system
of educational and technological training
Civil Rights Act (Ku Klux Klan Act)
First Negro enters Naval Academy
Freedman's Bureau collapses
Civil Rights Act (Second)
In the United States v. Cruikshank, the Supreme Court restricts
14th Amendment to Civil Rights violations committed by states instead
Rutherford B. Hayes declared President
End of Reconstruction of the South
President Garfield is shot
Booker T. Washignton heads the Tuskegee Institute
Chester Arthur becomes president
Spellman College founded in the basement of a church for the education
Nullification of Civil Rights Act of 1875
Grover Cleveland inaugurated as president
Negro banks founded in Washington D. C. and Richmond, VA
Benjamin Harrison elected president
Morrill Act (2nd)
Grover Cleveland becomes president for a second term
Frederick Douglass, one of the greatest aboloitionist and speakers for
Negroes, passes away
Plessy v. Ferguson (Supreme Court Rule that "separate but equal" facilities
William McKinley is sworn in as president
Wilmington race riots
W. E. B. Dubois publishes a study based on the history and environment
rather than genetics or race as factors, called The Philadelphia Negro
G. H. White, a representative for the Negroes, from North Carolina, introduced
a bill to make lynching a federal crime, but the bill is defeated
National Negro Business League is organized by Booker T. Washington
W. E. B. Dubois warns that the biggest problem for the new century will
be the "color line"
William McKinley elected for his second term as president
President McKinley is shot and dies eight days later from an infection
Theodore Roosevelt sworn in as president
Orville and Wilbur Wright become "first in flight"
Jack London publishes The Call of the Wild
In Kentucky, a bill is passed which imposes a $1000 fine plus $100 a day
against institutions admitting both white and black students
Roosevelt elected to full term as president
The Clansman, a novel about the KKK written by Thomas Dixon Jr.
Movement called for by W. E. B. Dubois gathers, urging racial equality
When the revival of the KKK is urged along with disenfranchisement of
the Negroes by the press in Atlanta, violence and rioting begin in Brownsville,
William Taft wins presidential election over William Jennings Bryan
Springfield, IL race riots
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (N. A. A. C.
P.) is founded by W. E. B. Dubois, Jane Adam, John Dewey, and John Milholland
The Lincoln Institute, meant to provide vocational training for Negroes,
open with protest from Negro leadrers such as W. E. B. Dubois
Woodrow Wilson is elected president
Titanic sinks after hitting iceberg
Robert Frost publishes North of Boston, his first book
Harriet Tubman, a fugitive slave and abolitionist, dies
Supreme Court declared restrictive residential ordinances in Louisville
KKK revived by William J. Simmons of Atlanta
Booker T. Washington dies
Woodrow Wilson elected to second presidential term
The United States enters World War I
East St. Louis, IL race riots
World War I ends
Chicago race riots
1920Women gain the right to vote
Warren G. Harding wins presidential election
National Negro Baseball League founded by Rube Foster
Tulsa race riots
The Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill, which would have made law officers be fined
for allowing Negroes to be lynched, failed in the senate
Ministers and businessmen in Greenswood, Mississippi lead a mob in the
lynching of 2 negroes
A minister known for "preaching equality" is shot by mob
KKK leader receives life imprisonment after being convicted for the rape
and murder of an Indianapolis woman
1927Calvin Coolidge wins presidential election
for second term
Television is first introduced to the American public
Hoover becomes president, promising "a chicken in every pot and a car
in every garage"
Blackbirds of 1928, featuring an all-Negro cast, opens to popular
Stock Market Crash
An all negro union receives a charter from the American Federation of
Amos 'n' Andy, a radio program, becomes a hit while offending many negroes
Hot Chocolates, a negro musical revue by Fats Waller, opens
Two negroes accused of killing two whites are dragged from jail and lynched
by mob numbering thousands
Scottsboro 9 scheduled to die for rape
Retrial for Scottsboro 9
Laura Ingalls Wilder issues first in series of books titled Little
Charles Chesnutt dies
OTHER HELPFUL LINKS
The Civil War
Timeline compiled by Kimberly Branson using the Chronicle
of America, Copyright 1995 edited by Clifton Daniel, John
Kirshon, and Ralph Berens
|| Page created January 1999
Last update: Jan, 29 1999
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